How to Write SLOs
How to Write Student Learning Outcomes
|Writing Student Learning OutcomesStudent Learning Outcomes (SLOs) describe what a student should be able to DO at the end of a course or program. Please click on “SLOs Links and Documents” in the list at the left to access other useful information on writing Student Learning Outcomes. It also contains a link to a chapter on SLOs in Janet Fulks excellent training manual.1. SLOs use action verbs from Bloom Taxonomy with an emphasis on higher-order thinking skills.
2. There should be 3-8 SLOs for each class or program. When in doubt, fewer is better.
3. SLOs should be included in course syllabi.
4. SLOs should be the same for all sections of a course. However, each instructor may include on their course syllabi additional outcomes and/or course expectations.
5. SLOs should be written in language that students (and those outside the field) are able to understand.
6. SLOs are typically not content-specific.
7. SLOs should focus on big-picture, overarching concepts, skills, or attitudes.
8. SLOs ask students to apply what they have learned.
9. SLOs must be assessable and should suggest or imply an assessment. If they do include the method of assessment, it should not be too specific – a given SLO for a course should be appropriate for anyone teaching the course.
10. Avoid starting SLOs with the words such as “understand”, “learn”, “know”, etc. since these indicate internal mental processes for the students. (It might be possible to use words like this if the assessment method is indicated in the SLO.) Focus instead on what students will be able to do, produce, or demonstrate.
11. Ideally, each course or program should include SLOs from more than one domain (cognitive, psychomotor, and affective).
12. When writing SLOs, think about how you will assess each one.